The Emperor's Small Bedroom was actually Napoleon's private study. The iron bed was added by Napoleon so he could use it as a second bedroom.
The Empress's Bedchamber was the bedchamber of all of the queens and empresses from perhaps as early as the end of the sixteenth century until as late as 1870. It appears today as it was decorated by Empress Josephine.
This room was the king's bedroom under the ancient regime and the most important room in the palace. Napoleon I transformed it into the Throne Room in 1808.
Under Louis XV, this room became the Council Chamber where the king addressed the affairs of the kingdom.
The François I Gallery was built in 1528 to provide a passage for the king between the royal apartments and the chapel. It later became a public passageway. The salamander, François I's emblem and mascot, and symbol of man's perseverance in the face of adversity, appears on the sculpted and gilded walnut wainscoting.
The carp pond owes its name to a famous carp whose presence goes back to Henri IV. The pond served as a setting for celebrations, water tournaments, and fireworks from the sixteenth century. The pavilion in the middle was constructed under Louis XIV in 1622 and was used for suppers for the king and the royal family.
The Golden Entrance, built in 1528, served as the entrance for Charles the Fifth on his arrival in 1539.
We took a carriage ride from the Golden Entrance through the garden. The back of the garden was a forest where the royal family went hunting. On the edge of the garden were the stables, and they were large enough to hold eight hundred horses. The large number of horses was needed because, besides transporting everyone, the royal family and court had only one set of furniture. The horses were utilized to move the furniture when the royals traveled from one palace to another.
The Grand Canal, built between 1606 and 1609, is over 1,312 yards long. The filing of the canal was the object of a wager between Henri IV and one of his courtiers: "The king wagered one thousand écus against me that in two days it would be full, and in eight days, it still was not full."
There is a "virtual tour" of Fontainebleau on the Internet. The site in this link has some wonderful photos of the palace and gardens, including 360 degree panorama views of some of the rooms.
Most of the information about Fontainebleau on this site is from Fontainebleau, Visitor's Guide by Amaury Lefébure, the director of the National Museum of the Palace of Fontainebleu, and published in 1998 by Art Lys.